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Table 3 General characteristics of the participants in the Phase 3 validation study

From: An international tool to measure perceived stressors in intensive care units: the PS-ICU scale

  Overall population France Italy Spain p value
(n = 497) (n = 220) (n = 178) (n = 99)
n % n % n % n %
Gender 0.06
 Male 166 33.40 78 35.45 65 36.52 23 23.23  
 Female 331 66.60 142 64.55 113 63.48 76 76.77  
 Age  < 0.001
 Mean (SD) 38.4 (9.94) 34.3 (8.07) 42.3 (9.90) 40.6 (10.3)  
 Missing 32   13   11   8   
Marital status  < 0.001
 Single 113 23.35 38 17.51 61 35.41 14 14.74  
 In a relationship 345 71.28 171 78.8 102 59.3 72 75.79  
 Separated/divorced 23 4.75 8 3.69 8 4.65 7 7.37  
 Widowed 3 0.62 0 0 1 0.58 2 2.11  
 Missing 13   3   6   4   
Timing of work  < 0.001
 Day 64 12.9 12 5.45 14 7.87 38 38.78  
 Night 14 2.82 6 2.73 0 0 8 8.16  
 Both 418 84.27 202 91.82 164 92.13 52 53.06  
 Missing 1   0   0   1   
Job  < 0.001
 Nurse 252 50.7 142 64.55 63 35.39 47 47.47  
 Physician 245 49.3 78 35.45 115 64.61 52 52.53  
Work quota 0.002
 Full time 405 81.98 170 77.27 160 91.43 75 75.76  
 Part time 72 14.57 42 19.09 12 6.86 18 18.18  
 Other 17 3.44 8 3.64 3 1.71 6 6.06  
Years since diploma  < 0.001
 Mean (SD) 13 (9.57) 9 (7.63) 16 (9.54) 16 (10.29)  
 Missing 7   6   1   0   
 Years in ICU  < 0.001
 Mean (SD) 10 (8.73) 7 (7.15) 12 (8.88) 14 (9.15)  
 Missing 0   0   0   0   
Years since starting in this unit  < 0.001
 Mean (SD) 8 (7.67) 5 (6.29) 9 (8.03) 11 (8.31)  
 Missing 2   2   0   0   
  1. ICU intensive care unit; SD standard deviation