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Table 1 Comparison of baseline characteristics between the RIC and historical control groups

From: Effects of remote ischemic conditioning on microcirculatory alterations in patients with sepsis: a single-arm clinical trial

Variable RIC group (n = 26) Historical control group (n = 21) p
Age, years 65 (57–81) 64 (53–77) 0.692
Men, n (%) 20 (77) 15 (71) 0.671
APACHE II 20 (13–23) 19 (14–23) 0.932
SOFA 10 (9–12) 9 (8–12) 0.104
Time after admission, h 17 (12–23) 12 (6–20) 0.159
Mortality, n (%) 12 (46.2) 12 (57.1) 0.459
Mean arterial pressure, mmHg 70 (62–78) 75 (65–86) 0.202
Heart rate, beats/min 109 (84–121) 108 (97–125) 0.638
Central venous pressure, mmHg 10 (7–13) 12 (10–14) 0.165
Cardiac index, n, L/min m2 15, 3.7 (2.8–4.3) 9, 3.0 (2.5–4.2) 0.503
Norepinephrine dose, n; µg/kg/min 26; 0.24 (0.12–0.32) 21; 0.20 (0.12–0.28) 0.377
Arterial lactate, mmol/L 1.5 (1.2–3.0) 1.7 (1.4–3.0) 0.446
PaO2, mmHg 102 (85–144) 86 (72–140) 0.441
Hemoglobin, g/L 102 (92–127) 110 (88–128) 0.500
CRP, mg/L 262 (151–341) 221 (133–395) 0.661
  1. Data are presented as the median (interquartile range [IQR])
  2. APACHE Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation, SOFA Sequential Organ Failure Assessment, PaO2 partial pressure of oxygen, CRP C-reactive protein