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Table 1 Sodium burdens of maintenance fluid regimens with different intravenous isotonic and hypotonic solutions

From: Fluid-induced harm in the hospital: look beyond volume and start considering sodium. From physiology towards recommendations for daily practice in hospitalized adults

Intravenous solution (sodium concentration per liter) Daily sodium intake if a typical amount of 2 L of this solution is used as maintenance fluid
Sodium (g/day) Sodium (mmol/day)
1 L NaCl 0.9% (3.5 g/154 mmol) 7 308
1 L PlasmaLyte® (3.2 g/140 mmol) 6.4 280
1 L Ringer’s lactate (3 g/130 mmol) 5.9 260
1 L NaCl 0.45% in G5% (1.8 g/77 mmol) 3.5 154
1 L Glucion 5%® (1.2 g/54 mmol) 2.5 108
1 L Maintelyte® (0.9 g/40 mmol) 1.8 80
Clinical nutrition
 Typical (par)enteral nutrition solution (± 1 g/40–50 mmol) 1.8–2.3 80–100
  1. G5% glucose 5%