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Table 1 Demographic and medical characteristics

From: Transcranial sonographic assessment of the third ventricle in neuro-ICU patients to detect hydrocephalus: a diagnostic reliability pilot study

Characteristics upon admission to ICU N = 100
Age (years) 62 [52–70]
Sex (F/M) 52/48
Body mass index (kg m−2) 26 [22–29]
Reason for admission to the ICU
 Aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage, n (%) 33 (33%)
 Intracranial haematoma, n (%) 30 (30%)
 Stroke, n (%) 13 (13%)
 Head trauma, n (%) 5 (5%)
 Post-operative patients, n (%) 15 (15%)
 Meningoencephalitis 2 (2%)
 Cardiac arrest 1 (1%)
 Undetermined coma 1 (1%)
Simplified Acute Physiological Score II 40 [31–53]
Glasgow Coma Scale 7 [4–13]
Fisher score*, n = 33 4 [3, 4]
International Severity Score score**, n = 5 32 [26–38]
Characteristics upon study enrolment N = 100
Time between ICU admission and enrolment, days 2 [1–5]
Therapeutics, n (%)
 Invasive mechanical ventilation 95 (95%)
 Sedation 78 (78%)
 Analgesia 78 (78%)
 Vasopressors (norepinephrine) 30 (30%)
 Milrinone 9 [9%]
 Nimodipine 28 [28%]
Clinical hypertensive symptoms, n (%) 10 (10%)
 Cushing reflex, n (%) 3 (3%)
 Anisocoria, n (%) 3 (3%)
 Mydriasis, n (%) 4 (4%)
External ventricular derivation, n (%) 37 (37%)
Craniotomy, n (%) 14 (14%)
Duration of mechanical ventilation, days 17 [7–28]
ICU length of stay, days, n (%) 21 [9–37]
RANKIN score at ICU discharge 4 [3–6]
Mortality in ICU, n (%) 25 (25%)
  1. Continuous data are expressed in median [25th–75th percentiles]
  2. ICU intensive care unit
  3. *Fisher score was calculated for the 33 patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage
  4. **International Severity Score was calculated for the 5 patients with brain trauma