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Table 1 Descriptive characteristics of participants (n = 3461)

From: Mental health outcomes of ICU and non-ICU healthcare workers during the COVID-19 outbreak: a cross-sectional study

  Total ICU Non-ICU
Overall 3461 (100) 352 (10) 3109 (90)
Sex
 Women, n (%) 2561 (74) 234 (66.5) 2327 (74.9)
 Men, n (%) 897 (26) 118 (33.5) 779 (25.1)
Age
 18–29 years, n (%) 402 (11.6) 39 (11) 363 (11.7)
 30–39 years, n (%) 815 (23.6) 130 (36.9) 685 (22)
 40–49 years, n (%) 1032 (29.8) 97 (27.6) 935 (30.1)
 50–59 years, n (%) 1049 (30.3) 75 (21.3) 974 (31.3)
 ≥ 60 years, n (%) 163 (4.7) 11 (3.1) 152 (4.9)
Marital status
 Single, n (%) 767 (22.2) 85 (24.2) 682 (21.9)
 Married, n (%) 2215 (64) 242 (68.7) 1973 (63.5)
 Divorced, n (%) 451 (13) 25 (7.1) 426 (13.7)
 Widow(-er), n (%) 27 (0.8) 0 (0) 27 (0.9)
Minor dependent children
 Yes, n (%) 1635 (47.2) 185 (52.6) 1450 (46.6)
 No, n (%) 1826 (52.8) 167 (47.4) 1659 (53.4)
Profession
 Physician, n (%) 438 (12.7) 68 (19.3) 370 (11.9)
 Nurse, n (%) 1341 (38.8) 198 (56.3) 1143 (36.8)
 Care assistant, n (%) 261 (7.5) 32 (9.1) 229 (7.4)
 Others, n (%) 1420 (41) 54 (15.3) 1366 (43.9)
Employment rate
 Before the pandemic, %(SD) 86 (17) 87.5 (16) 85.8 (17.1)
 During the pandemic, %(SD) 87 (16.2) 90.1 (15) 86.6 (16.3)
Schedule change during the pandemic
 Yes, n (%) 1949 (56.4) 297 (84.4) 1652 (53.2)
 No, n (%) 1507 (43.6) 55 (15.6) 1452 (46.7)
Change in workload during the pandemic
 Less workload than usual, n (%) 512 (14.8) 60 (17.1) 452 (14.6)
 Overload, n (%) 875 (25.3) 104 (29.6) 771 (24.8)
 Same workload as usual, n (%) 2067 (59.8) 187 (53.3) 1880 (60.6)
Country of residence
 Switzerland, n (%) 1927 (56) 167 (47.6) 1760 (56.9)
 France, n (%) 1516 (44) 184 (52.4) 1332 (43.1)
Relatives who have had COVID-19 disease
 Yes, n (%) 833 (24.1) 68 (19.3) 765 (24.6)
 No, n (%) 2628 (75.9) 284 (80.7) 2344 (75.4)
Fear of catching COVID-19 disease
 Yes, n (%) 779 (22.5) 75 (21.3) 704 (22.6)
 Rather yes, n (%) 892 (25.8) 90 (25.6) 802 (25.8)
 Rather no, n (%) 1164 (33.6) 122 (34.7) 1042 (34.5)
 No, n (%) 626 (18.1) 65 (18.4) 561 (18.1)
Fear of transmitting COVID-19 disease
 Yes, n (%) 1592 (46.1) 195 (55.4) 1397 (45)
 Rather yes, n (%) 1017 (29.4) 94 (26.7) 923 (29.7)
 Rather no, n (%) 553 (16) 42 (11.9) 511 (16.5)
 No, n (%) 293 (8.5) 21 (6) 272 (8.8)
Fear of working with COVID-19 patients
 Yes, n (%) 682 (19.7) 112 (31.8) 570 (18.3)
 Rather yes, n (%) 1097 (31.7) 120 (34.1) 977 (31.4)
 Rather no, n (%) 846 (24.4) 99 (28.1) 747 (24.1)
 No, n (%) 836 (24.2) 21 (6) 815 (26.2)
Use of any psychological support
 Yes, n (%) 420 (12.1) 98 (27.8) 322 (10.4)
 No, n (%) 3041 (77.9) 254 (72.2) 2787 (89.6)
Hotel accommodation during the pandemic
 Yes, n (%) 231 (6.7) 84 (24.9) 147 (4.7)
 No, n (%) 3230 (93.3) 268 (76.1) 2962 (95.3)
  1. Values were expressed in numbers and percentages