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Table 1 Survey respondent demographics and their main practical setting characteristics

From: Practices in sedation, analgesia, mobilization, delirium, and sleep deprivation in adult intensive care units (SAMDS-ICU): an international survey before and during the COVID-19 pandemic

Variables Measures before the COVID-19 pandemic Measures during the COVID-19 pandemic
Age 41.86 (22.2)a 41.9 (10)a
Years of practice 12.5 (5–19)b 9 (5–20)b
Critical care medicine specialist—n (%) 1126 (76.3) 216 (74.0)
Years of specialty in critical care medicine 8 (3–17)b 9 (4–11)b
  n (%) n (%)
Main practical setting—type of hospital   
 Public hospital 563 (38.2) 115 (39.6)
 Private hospital 462 (31.3) 77 (26.6)
 University hospital/teaching hospital 449 (30.5) 98 (33.8)
 Total 1474 (100.0) 290 (100.0)
Main practical setting—type of ICUc  
 Mixed ICU 982 (66.7)
 Medical 228 (15.5)
 Surgical 148 (10.0)
 Other 115 (7.8)  
 Total 1473 (100.0)  
Number of ICUc beds  
 Up to 10 520 (35.3)
 11–20 593 (40.2)
  > 20 361 (24.5)  
 Total 1474 (100.0)  
Estimated % of patients under mechanical ventilationd
  < 20% 183 (12.4) 24 (8.2)
 20–40% 534 (36.2) 59 (20.3)
 41–70% 535 (36.3) 136 (46.7)
  > 70% 223 (15.1) 72 (24.7)
 Total 1475 (100.0) 291 (100.0)
Nursing patient ratiod Daytime—n (%)/Nighttime—n (%) Daytime—n (%)/Nighttime—n (%)
 1:1 60 (4.1)/44 (3.0) 18 (6.2)/15 (5.2)
 1:2 690 (46.8)/588 (39.9) 106 (36.4)/84 (28.9)
 1:3 448 (30.4)/497 (33.7) 78 (26.8)/91 (31.3)
 1:4 100 (6.8)/128 (8.7) 31 (10.6)/41 (14.1)
 1:5 79 (5.4)/73 (4.9) 27 (9.3)/25 (8.6)
  > 1:5 91 (6.2)/132 (8.9) 27 (9.3)/32 (11.0)
 Non-applicable 7 (0.3)/13 (0.9) 4 (1.4)/3 (0.9)
 Total 1475 (100.0)/1475 (100.0) 291 (100.0)/291 (100.0)
Existence of daily multidisciplinary rounds in the ICU n (%) n (%)
  1363 (92.4) 267 (91.7)
Professionals participating in multidisciplinary rounds
 Doctor 1463 (99.1) 287 (98.3)
 Nurse 1308 (88,6) 261 (89.4)
 Physical therapist 1045 (70.8) 223 (76.4)
 Nutritionist 625 (42.3) 109 (37.3)
 Pharmacist 463 (31.4) 93 (31.8)
  1. aMean (standard deviation); bmedian (interquartile ratio); cICU, intensive care unit; dp < 0.001