Skip to main content

Table 2 Baseline characteristics of patients without frailty (CFS < 5) and disability (ADL 6), patients with either disability (ADL < 6) or Frailty (CFS ≥ 5), or both frailty and disability

From: The association of the Activities of Daily Living and the outcome of old intensive care patients suffering from COVID-19

  Non-frailty (CFS < 5)/no disability (ADL 6) Frailty (CFS ≥ 5) or disability (ADL < 6) Frailty and disability p-value
  n = 1829 n = 260 n = 270  
Male sex ([%], n) 73% (1342) 67% (173) 57% (155)  < 0.001
Age (years) 75 (4) 77 (6) 78 (5)  < 0.001
SOFA 5 (3) 6 (3) 8 (4)  < 0.001
CFS 3 (1) 5 (1) 6 (1)  < 0.001
Diabetes mellitus ([%], n) 31% (557) 48% (125) 57% (153)  < 0.001
CAD ([%], n) 20% (358) 30% (78) 39% (104)  < 0.001
Chronic renal failure ([%], n) 11% (206) 27% (71) 34% (92)  < 0.001
Arterial hypertension ([%], n) 64% (1167) 75% (194) 80% (215)  < 0.001
Pulmonary disease ([%], n) 21% (377) 29% (74) 36% (98)  < 0.001
Chronic heart failure ([%], n) 11% (196) 29% (73) 31% (83)  < 0.001
  1. ADL Activities of Daily Living, CFS Clinical Frailty Scale, CAD coronary artery disease, SOFA Sequential Organ Failure Assessment, p-value comparing all groups. [Numbers do not add up to 100% due to missing values]