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Table 2 Outcomes of cirrhotic patients with septic shock according to the occurrence of intra-abdominal hypertension and abdominal hypoperfusion.

From: Intra-abdominal pressure and abdominal perfusion pressure in cirrhotic patients with septic shock

  IAPa < 12 mmHg IAPa 1 ≥ 12 mmHg p value APPa ≥ 60 mmHg APPa < 60 mmHg p value
  N = 11 N = 50   N = 18 N = 43  
ICU mortality, N (%) 3 (27.3) 37 (74.0) 0.005 9 (50) 31 (72.1) 0.10
Hospital mortality, N (%) 8 (72.7) 46 (92.0) 0.10 15 (83.3) 39 (90.7) 0.41
Duration of MV in days, mean ± SD 4.8 ± 7.5 8.2 ± 6.7 0.14 9.6 ± 7.1 8.9 ± 6.4 0.70
Ventilator-free days, mean ± SD 15.3 ± 11.4 4.7 ± 7.2 0.01 7.4 ± 8.7 6.3 ± 9.2 0.65
Vasopressor-free days, mean ± SD 10.5 ± 8.4 4.6 ± 7.1 0.02 8.4 ± 8.6 4.5 ± 7.1 0.07
ICU LOS (days), mean ± SD 11.1 ± 8.0 9.8 ± 6.0 0.56 11.0 ± 6.7 9.6 ± 6.2 0.45
Hospital LOS (days), mean ± SD 31.1 ± 16.8 21.1 ± 14.6 0.05 23.6 ± 10.3 22.7 ± 17.1 0.81
Requirement for RRT, N (%) 5 (45.5) 39 (78) 0.06 11 (61.1) 33 (76.7) 0.21
RRT-free days, mean ± SD 10.8 ± 12.7 5.0 ± 7.5 0.17 7.4 ± 8.9 5.5 ± 8.8 0.44
  1. IAP ≥ 12 mmHg indicates intra-abdominal hypertension, and APP < 60 mmHg indicates abdominal hypoperfusion. IAP, intra-abdominal pressure; APP, abdominal perfusion pressure; RRT, renal replacement therapy; MV, mechanical ventilation; LOS, length of stay. aMean values on the first ICU day.