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Table 2 Overview: key data regarding the healthcare system and intensive care units in the countries covered in this review

From: How is intensive care reimbursed? A review of eight European countries

Country Population Healthcare system Number of hospitals with ICUs ICU beds per 100,000 of population Number of ICU beds Pts. per year (hospitals) Pts. per year (ICUs) Pts. hospital/Pts. ICUs Average cost of ICU bed per day in Euro Difficulty to find information
Germany[7] 82 Mio Insurance-based (statutory health insurance 90%, private medical insurance 10%) 1260 31.8 25,500 17 Mio 2 Mio. 12% 1092 Yes
Ireland[8] 4.6 Mio Tax-based 28 5,4 250 580,000 30,000 5% 2205b Yes
UK[9] 62 Mio Tax-based 290a 7.5 4,700 17 Mio 200,000 1% 1500 No
Netherlands[10, 11] 16.7 Mio Insurance-based 94 9.3 1,600 1.9 Mio 70,000 4% 1290 Yes
Austria[12] 8.4 Mio Insurance-based 132 27 2,300 2.8 Mio - - 2000c No
Denmark[13, 14] 5.4 Mio Tax-based 49a 7.5 400 1.1 Mio 33,000 3% 3302c No
France[15] 65 Mio Insurance-based (statutory health insurance) 238 11.2 7,300 17 Mio 200,000 1% - Yes
Spain[16, 17] 47 Mio Tax-based 300a 7.4 3,500 5.3 Mio 240,000 5% 900 to 2500 Yes
  1. aTotal number of ICUs.
  2. bOnly known for 1 hospital, AMNCH Tallaght.
  3. cfor category 3 ICUs.