Skip to main content

Table 3 Characteristics of resuscitation fluids

From: Choices in fluid type and volume during resuscitation: impact on patient outcomes

Solute Plasma Colloids Crystalloids
4% albumin 6% HES 130/0.4 Dextran Gelatin Normal saline Ringer’s lactate Hartmann’s solution Plasma-Lyte
Na+ 135 to 145 148 154 154 154 154 130 131 140
K+ 4.0 to 5.0 0 0 0 0 0 4.5 5 5
Ca2+ 2.2 to 2.6 0 0 0 0 0 2.7 4 0
Mg2+ 1.0 to 2.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.5
Cl 95 to 110 128 154 154 120 154 109 111 98
Acetate 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 27
Lactate 0.8 to 1.8 0 0 0 0 0 28 29 0
Gluconate 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 23
Bicarbonate 23 to 26 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Osmolarity 291 250 286 to 308 308 274 308 280 279 294
Colloid 35 to 45 20 60 100 40 0 0 0 0
  1. Osmolarity (mOsm/L); colloid (g/L); all other solutes (mmol/L).