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Table 2 Clinical characteristics at proposal for ICU admission of the patients directly admitted to ICU with high (LBA) and low refusal rate (HBA)

From: Influence of ICU-bed availability on ICU admission decisions

  Centers with HBA N = 659 Centers with LBA N = 480 P
Age (mean ± SD) (years) 57 ± 19 60 ± 17 0.006
 Age <40 148 (22.5) 67 (14.0) 0.001
 40≤ age ≤75 509 (77.2) 302 (62.9)  
 Age >75 123 (18.7) 111 (23.1)  
Sex (male/female) % 383/276 286/194 0.62
Characteristics on proposal, n (%)
 Shock 178 (27.3) 103 (21.7) 0.03
 Catecholamine infusion 97 (15.0) 52 (11.0) 0.05
 Glasgow score 11 ± 4 12 ± 4 0.09
 Platelets count < 50,000/dl 11 (1.75) 13 (2.8) 0.24
 Prothrombine time < 30 % 21 (3.4) 17 (3.7) 0.78
 Creatinine level > 250 µmol/l 76 (12.1) 50 (10.9) 0.53
 Jaundice 18 (2.8) 18 (3.8) 0.37
 Mechanical ventilation (all setting) 289 (45) 189 (40) 0.10
 NIV 37 (6) 32 (7) 0.55
 Oxygen administration >10L/min 134 (4) 80 (17) 0.08
Preexisting diseases
 COPD 47 (7) 21 (4) 0.05
 Cardiac insufficiency 34 (5) 22 (5) 0.65
 Evolutive malignancy 84 (13) 65 (14) 0.69
 Cirrhosis 27 (4) 30 (6) 0.10
 Renal failure with ERT 16 (3) 12 (3) 0.94
Mac Cabe score    0.30
 0 340 (53) 236 (50)  
 1 199 (31) 166 (36)  
 2 99 (16) 65 (14)  
SAPS2
 Mean ± standard deviation 41 ± 21 41 ± 20 0.77
 Median (25th; 75th) 37 (25–53) 38 (27–52)  
 Distribution of SAPS2 values, n (%)    0.004
  SAPS2 ≤15 64 (9.7) 28 (5.8)  
  16≤ SAPS2 ≤59 468 (71.0) 381 (79.4)  
  SAPS2 >59 127 (19.2) 71 (14.8)  
  1. COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, NIV non invasive ventilation, ERT extra renal therapy