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Table 4 Implemented extended monitoring clustered per primary diagnosis and need for treatment with vasoactive agents or mechanical ventilation

From: Practice of hemodynamic monitoring and management in German, Austrian, and Swiss intensive care units: the multicenter cross-sectional ICU-CardioMan Study

Implemented monitoring Primary diagnosis Vasoactive agents Mechanical ventilation
Medical Neuro Surgery Cardiac surgery
n = 504 (%) n = 144 (%) n = 690 (%) n = 451 (%) n = 702 (%) n = 874 (%)
Basic 96.2 98.6 97.8 99.1 98.9 99.3
Basic plus central venous and/or arterial line 85.3 79.2 85.2 94.2 98.6 96.1
Extended 38.5 24.3 21.7 38.4 45.3 39.6
Cardiac output 12.3 4.2 10.3 17.8 24.2 20.8
 Pressure-based preload parameters 44.4 37.5 51.6 79.2 74.4 69.5
 Volumetric preload parameters 17.5 4.2 9.3 13.1 21.3 17.3
 Dynamic preload parameters 9.3 5.5 9.7 7.3 16.5 14.9
 Microcirculation 3.2 0.7 0.3 3.6 3.8 3.2