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Table 1 Characteristics of the patients at baseline

From: ICU management based on PiCCO parameters reduces duration of mechanical ventilation and ICU length of stay in patients with severe thoracic trauma and acute respiratory distress syndrome

Characteristics PiCCO group (n = 126) CVP group (n = 138) P
Male, n (%) 95 (75.4) 105 (76.1) 0.896
Age (years) 38.5 ± 7.6 37.9 ± 8.2 0.232
APACHE II, median (IQR) 27 (22–33) 23 (17–29) 0.033
ISS, median (IQR) 14 (12–16) 13 (12–15) 0.038
Type of injury cause, n (%)    0.578
 Road traffic accident 66 (52.4) 71 (51.4)  
 Falling injury 31 (24.6) 39 (28.3)  
 Crush injury 20 (15.9) 19 (13.8)  
 Explosive injury 9 (7.1) 9 (6.5)  
Time from acute onset to EICU admission, hours, median (IQR) 8 (2–31) 7 (2–24) 0.317
Shock, n (%) 90 (71.4) 94 (68.1) 0.559
ARDS severitya (by PaO2/FiO2, n (%))    0.025
 Mild (200–300) 7 (5.6) 8 (5.8)  
 Moderate (100–200) 86 (68.3) 112 (81.2)  
 Severe (<100) 33 (26.2) 18 (13.0)  
Hemoglobin (g/L) 85 (62–109) 87 (65–107) 0.883
  1. EICU emergency intensive care unit, IQR interquartile range, APACHE II Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II; ISS injury severity score
  2. aAccording to the Berlin definition