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Table 3 Description of ICU-acquired infection related to site of infection and microorganism (percentage of the total of pathogens isolated in a site)

From: Persistent lymphopenia is a risk factor for ICU-acquired infections and for death in ICU patients with sustained hypotension at admission

Pathogens Pneumonia
(n = 113)
Bacteremia
(n = 37)
Catheter infection
(n = 36)
Staphylococcus aureus 21 (18.6) 6 (16.2) 3 (8.3)
Coagulase-negative Staphylococci 8 (7.1) 5 (13.5) 9 (25.0)
Other GPB 16 (14.2) 9 (24.3) 8 (22.2)
Fermenting GNP 46 (40.7) 13 (35.1) 14 (38.9)
Non-fermenting GNP 40 (35.4) 6 (16.2) 7 (19.4)
Anaerobes 1 (0.9) 1 (2.7) 0
Fungi 5 (4.4) 5 (13.5) 1 (2.8)
Polymicrobial 21 (18.6) 8 (21.6) 5 (13.9)
MDR pathogens 47 (45.6) 10 (27.0) 9 (25.0)
  1. Data are expressed as number (%) or median [interquartile]. MDR: multi-drug-resistant, including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Enterobacteriaceae resistant to third-generation cephalosporins, Pseudomonas aeruginosa resistant to ticarcillin and/or imipenem and/or ceftazidime, Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, Burkholderia cepacia, and Acinetobacter baumannii. GPB; Gram-positive bacteria, GNB; Gram-negative Bacteria; non-fermenting GNB (Pseudomonas spp., Acinetobacter baumannii, Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, Burkholderia cepacia)