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Table 1 Characteristics of healthcare providers according to their workplace

From: Moral distress and its contribution to the development of burnout syndrome among critical care providers

Characteristics ICUa n (%) Step-Down Unit n (%) p
Female gender 101/132 (76.5) 77/113 (68.1) 0.143*
Age—mean (SDb) 35.5 (7.1) 34.4 (6.6) 0.224**
Marital status—married 76/130 (58.5) 71/115 (61.7) 0.601*
Night shift 58/126 (46.0) 56/115 (48.7) 0.679*
Time spent on the path to arrive at work >60 min 55/133 (41.4) 56/115 (48.7) 0.246*
Catholic religion 67/133 (50.4) 49/113 (43.4) 0.272*
Personal income >R$5000 30/131 (22.9) 24/113 (21.2) 0.755*
Family support 78/130 (60.0) 65/110 (59.1) 0.886*
Time working at the institution (years)—median (p25–p75)c 6.0 (3.0–12.0) 4.0 (2.0–9.0) 0.001***
Has a non-care activities in the institution 16/130 (12.3) 9/109 (8.3) 0.308*
Psychiatric treatment 9/133 (6.8) 7/114 (6.1) 0.842*
Psychotherapy 12/133 (9.0) 1/115 (0.9) 0.004*
Works out of hospital 42/133 (32.6) 36/114 (31.6) >0.999*
Absenteeism (last month) 33/133 (24.8) 29/115 (25.2) 0.941*
Tobacco use 16/132 (12.1) 7/115 (6.1) 0.104*
Alcohol use ≥1 drink/week 27/133 (20.3) 27/115 (23.5) 0.545*
Leisure ≥5 h/week 49/131 (37.4) 35/114 (30.7) 0.270*
Regular physical activity 45/130 (34.6) 50/109 (45.9) 0.077*
Has regular hobbies 45/108 (41.7) 46/95 (48.4) 0.334*
Sexual activity ≥1 time/week 86/132 (65.1) 78/113 (69.0) 0.520*
  1. * Chi-square test
  2. ** Student’s t test
  3. *** Wilkoxon rank-sum test
  4. aIntensive care unit
  5. bStandard deviation
  6. c25th–75th percentiles