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Table 2 Values of physiological parameters at baseline, during session, and post-session

From: Feasibility and safety of virtual-reality-based early neurocognitive stimulation in critically ill patients

  Session 1 Session 2 Session 3 Session 4
(n = 20; MV in 35%) (n = 17; MV in 35%) (n = 13; MV in 38%) (n = 11; MV in 36%)
Baseline Session Post Baseline Session Post Baseline Session Post Baseline Session Post
(a)
HR, Md (IQR) 92 (14) 92.5 (15.75) 91 (10.5) 82 (23) 84 (21.25) 81.5 (25.5) 96 (19) 90 (15) 90 (15) 86 (31.75) 67 (34.5) 90.5 (35.5)
Range 67–120 70–119 70–153a 56–127 68–126 65–125 69–134 72–137 72–137 62–128 59–129 67–168a
SPO2, Md (IQR) 96 (5) 95.5 (4.25) 95 (5) 94.5 (3.75) 94.5 (4.5) 94 (3.75) 96 (4) 96 (2) 96 (2) 97 (2.75) 97 (2.75) 97 (2.5)
Range 88b–100 89b–100 90–100 89b–100 89b–100 89b–100 90–100 89b–100 90–100 91–100 89b–100 90–100
RR, Md (IQR) 22 (13) 24 (12) 22 (13.5) 22.5 (12.25) 23.5 (11) 24 (10.75) 25 (14) 25 (9) 22 (8) 20.5 (16.25) 21.5 (11.5) 24.5 (15)
Range 11–54c 10–41c 10–54c 9–46c 9–40c 9–44c 12–47c 12–37c 12–41c 12–42c 12–41c 9–43c
  1. MV mechanical ventilation, Md median, IQR interquartile range, HR heart rate, SpO 2 peripheral oxygen saturation, RR respiratory rate
  2. aHR ≥ 150 bpm
  3. bSpO2 ≤ 90%
  4. cRR ≥ 35 breaths/min
  Session 5 Session 6 Session 7 Session 8
(n = 8; MV in 50%) (n = 4; MV in 50%) (n = 2; MV in 100%) (n = 1; MV in 100%)
Baseline Session Post Baseline Session Post Baseline Session Post Baseline Session Post
(b)
HR, Md (IQR) 102 (25.5) 103 (27.5) 101 (24) 108 (12) 110 (16) 111 (8.5) 112.5 (4.75) 115 (1.25) 111 (1) 126 (4) 123 (2) 127 (3)
Range 61–139 63–138 64–128 79–118 78–121 88–120 104–123 93–123 107–114 121–134 119–125 117–134
SPO2, Md (IQR) 98 (2) 97 (1.5) 97 (2.5) 97 (4) 97 (2.5) 98 (2) 99.5 (1.25) 98.5 (1.25) 98 (1) 98 (1) 98 (0) 99 (1)
Range 89b–100 91–100 92–100 90–100 91–100 90–100 97–100 95–100 95–100 94–99 98–99 96–100
RR, Md (IQR) 21 (15) 23 (13) 23 (15.5) 25 (6) 25 (6.5) 26 (6) 26.5 (7) 27.5 (6.5) 29 (2) 27 (3) 26 (3) 25 (6)
Range 11–40c 10–39c 10–50c 13–38c 13–36c 13–37c 19–40c 18–37c 18–39c 14–33 20–33 12–40c
  1. MV mechanical ventilation, Md median, IQR interquartile range, HR heart rate, SpO 2 peripheral oxygen saturation, RR respiratory rate
  2. aHR ≥ 150 bpm
  3. bSpO2 ≤ 90%
  4. cRR ≥ 35 breaths/min