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Table 2 Echocardiography and clinical data before and after fluid resuscitation

From: Use of speckle-tracking strain in preload-dependent patients, need for cautious interpretation!

  Before After p value
Heart rate (p/m) 103 ± 20 97 ± 15 0.18
SAP (mmHg) 95 ± 17 119 ± 14 < 0.001
DAP (mmHg) 50 ± 12 57 ± 10 0.01
MAP (mmHg) 65 ± 13 77 ± 10 < 0.001
E (cm/s) 73 ± 23 91 ± 26 0.003
E/A 0.9 ± 0.3 1.0 ± 0.3 0.13
DTE 200 ± 16 200 ± 12 0.78
ESEPT (cm/s) 13.6 ± 3.7 12.9 ± 3.4 0.36
ELAT (cm/s) 14.2 ± 3.6 14.3 ± 3.5 0.79
E/ESEPT 5.8 ± 2 7.3 ± 2.4 0.004
E/Elat 5.4 ± 1.9 6.7 ± 2.4 0.001
E/Emoy 5.5 ± 1.9 6.9 ± 3.3 0.005
LVOT VTI (cm) 15.6 ± 3.7 21.1 ± 4.5 < 0.001
CO (L/min) 4.4 ± 1.8 5.7 ± 5.7 0.007
CI (L/min/m2) 2.4 ± 0.9 3.1 ± 1.2 0.007
LV EF (%) 61.3 ± 15.9 60.7 ± 15 0.78
LVOT diameter (cm) 1.8 ± 0.1 1.8 ± 0.1 0.89
LVTDV (mL) 104.5 ± 29 131 ± 34 < 0.001
RV/LV 0.6 ± 0.1 0.6 ± 0.1 0.62
TAPSE (mm) 22 ± 7 23 ± 5 0.87
SSR (s−1) − 1.1 ± 0.29 − 1.55 ± 0.55 < 0.001
GLS − 13.3 ± 3.5 − 18.4 ± − 4.5 < 0.001
S4C (%) − 13.5 ± 4.1 − 18.7 ± 4.9 < 0.001
S2C (%) − 13.4 ± 3 − 18.4 ± 4.8 < 0.001
S3C (%) − 12.6 ± 3.7 − 18.4 ± 4.8 < 0.001
  1. Data are expressed as mean ± SD
  2. SAP systolic arterial pressure, DAP diastolic arterial pressure, MAP mean arterial pressure, E peak early diastolic transmittal flow velocity, E/A ratio of e to a, TDE E-wave deceleration time, El peak early diastolic lateral mitral annulus velocity, Es peak early diastolic septal mitral annulus velocity, E/E′ ratio of E to E′, LVTO VTI left ventricular outflow tract velocity–time integral, CO cardiac output, LV EF left ventricle ejection fraction, TAPSE tricuspid annular systolic excursion, LVDV left ventricular tele-diastolic volume, SSR systolic strain rate, GLS global longitudinal strain, S4C 4-chamber systolic strain, S2C two-chamber systolic strain, S3C three-chamber systolic strain