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Table 1 Patient demographics, comorbidities, and surgical procedures

From: Vascular complications in adult postcardiotomy cardiogenic shock patients receiving venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

Variable With vascular complications (n = 72) n (%) Without vascular complications (n = 360) n (%) P value
Baseline characteristics
Male 52 (72.2%) 233 (64.7%) 0.220
Age (years) 57(48.3, 65.0) 57(47.3, 65.0) 0.905
Older age (≥ 65 years) 19 (26.4%) 101 (28.1%) 0.773
BSA (m2) 1.9 (1.8, 2.0) 1.8 (1.7, 2.0) 0.009
BMI (kg/m2) 25.0 ± 3.7 23.6 ± 3.4 0.002
Smoking 34 (47.2%) 145 (40.3%) 0.275
Comorbidities
Coronary artery disease 42 (58.3%) 176 (48.9%) 0.143
Peripheral vascular disease 12 (16.7%) 46 (12.8%) 0.377
Hypertension 32 (44.4%) 140 (38.9%) 0.356
Diabetes 15 (20.8%) 75 (20.8%) 1.000
Hypercholesterolemia 61 (8.5%) 260 (7.2%) 0.718
Chronic obstructive lung disease 10 (1.4%) 50 (1.4%) 0.998
Liver dysfunction 10 (1.4%) 2 (0.6%) 0.437
APACHE II score 32.8 ± 5.2 30.8 ± 7.1 0.448
Type of surgery
CABG 35 (48.6%) 142 (39.4%) 0.149
Valve procedure 17 (23.6%) 105 (29.2%) 0.339
CABG + valve procedure 8 (11.1%) 37 (10.3%) 0.833
Congenital heart disease 0 16 (4.4%) 0.068
Repair of acute aortic dissection 4 (5.6%) 18 (5.0%) 0.845
Repair of acute aortic dissection + CABG 4 (5.6%) 8 (2.2%) 0.116
Heart transplantation 3 (4.2%) 18 (5.0%) 0.761
Pulmonary embolectomy 1 (1.4%) 9 (2.5%) 0.567
Others 0 6 (1.7%) 0.270
Reoperation 20 (2.8%) 12 (3.3%) 0.808
  1. APACHE acute physiologic and chronic health evaluation, BSA body surface area, BMI body mass index, CABG coronary artery bypass grafting, CHD congenital heart disease, CPB cardiopulmonary bypass, CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
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