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Table 3 Reason for the withdrawal of the first non-tunneled hemodialysis catheter (among patients in whom withdrawal was observed)

From: Trisodium citrate 4% versus heparin as a catheter lock for non-tunneled hemodialysis catheters in critically ill patients: a multicenter, randomized clinical trial

Reason for withdrawal Citrate (N = 199) Heparin (N = 197)
Catheter withdrawal not observed 11 (6) 8 (4)
Reason for removal (if withdrawal observed), n (%) 188 (94) 189 (96)
Missing data 1 (0.5) 2 (1)
RRT stopped due to spontaneous recovery of renal function 62 (33) 69 (36.6)
Puncture site bleeding 0 2 (1)
Thrombosis catheter 5 (2.6) 2 (1)
Catheter dysfunction (inability to achieve and maintain a blood flow >200 mL/min) 28 (15) 18 (9.5)
Suspected catheter infection 12 (6.4) 12 (6.4)
Death 64 (34) 69 (36.6)
Other reasons 16 (8.5) 15 (7.9)
 Accidental withdrawal of the catheter by the patient 4 2
 Implantation of ECMO at the site of the dialysis catheter 2 0
 Transfer to another hospital 5 7
 Change of catheter site to allow the patient to get out of bed 2 3
 Implantation of tunneled catheter 2 2
 Decision to withdraw life support therapy 1 1