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Table 4 Occurrence of neurological complications

From: Intra-aortic balloon pump does not influence cerebral hemodynamics and neurological outcomes in high-risk cardiac patients undergoing cardiac surgery: an analysis of the IABCS trial

VariableIABP group
(N = 34)
Control group
(N = 33)
p-value
Delirium (n, %)9 (26.5%)8 (24.2%)0.834
Seizure1 (2.9%)1 (3%)1.000
Stroke1 (3.0)1 (2.9%)1.000
Presurgery
 MoCA21 [18–24]21 [5–25]0.667
 MoCA < 26 (n, %)30 (88.2%)28 (84.8%)1.000
 MMSE25 [23–28.5]25 [23–28.5]0.632
 MMSE ≤ 24 (n, %)13 (39.4%)14 (42.4%)1.000
Six months postsurgery (N = 24)(N = 27) 
 MoCA24.0 [20.2–25.0]20.0 [17–24.0]0.079
 MoCA < 26 (n, %)19 (79.1%)22 (81.5%)1.000
 MMSE28.0 [25.2–29.0]26 [23.0–29.0]0.216
 MMSE ≤ 24 (n, %)4 (16.7%)11 (40.7%)0.073
  1. Data are n (%) or median [interquartile range]
  2. IABP intra-aortic balloon pump, CG control group, MMSE Mini-Mental State Examination, MoCA Montreal Cognitive Assessment