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Table 3 Univariate analysis of HRQoL and symptoms of psychiatric disorders in ARDS survivors after 12 months (n = 388)

From: Tracheostomy in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome is not related to quality of life, symptoms of psychiatric disorders or return-to-work: the prospective DACAPO cohort study

 Tracheostomy (n = 205)Non-tracheostomy (n = 183)p valueMissing (n)
PCS-12a, mean (± SD)40.3 (± 10.8)43.9 (± 11.0)0.005*83
MCS-12a, mean (± SD)44.5 (± 12.8)44.3 (± 14.0)0.88783
PHQ-9a, mean (± SD)6.5 (± 5.1)6.1 (± 5.4)0.51724
PTSS-14a, mean (± SD)35.3 (± 18.0)32.6 (± 17.6)0.15625
Depressionb
 Yes, n (%)32 (16%)18 (10%)0.07818
Anxiety disorderb
 Yes, n (%)20 (10%)11(6%)0.17034
PTSDb
 Yes, n (%)20 (10%)16 (9%)0.72122
OCDb
 Yes, n (%)6 (3%)5 (3%)0.88327
  1. MCS-12 Mental Component Scale of Short-Form 12 Questionnaire, PCS-12 Physical Component Scale of Short-Form 12 Questionnaire, OCD obsessive–compulsive disorder, PTSD post-traumatic stress disorder, PHQ-9 Patient Health Questionnaire-9, PTSS-14 Post-Traumatic Stress Syndrome 14-Questions Inventory
  2. *p < 0.05
  3. aHealth-related quality of life and symptoms of psychiatric disorders (depression, PTSD) were diagnosed according to the results of patient self-reported questionnaires
  4. bPsychiatric disorders diagnosed by a physician were recorded by patient self-report in the follow-up questionnaires