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Table 2 Treatment characteristics

From: Multidisciplinary team approach in acute myocardial infarction patients undergoing veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

VariablesTotal (n = 255)Pre-ECMO team (n = 131)Post-ECMO team (n = 124)p value
Intervention
 Percutaneous coronary intervention204 (80.0)107 (81.7)97 (78.2)0.594
 Coronary artery bypass graft45 (17.6)14 (10.7)31 (25.0)0.005
 Door-to-balloon time, min
  STEMI96.0 (70.0–126.0)114.0 (73.0–156.0)88.0 (69.0–114.5)0.032
  NSTEMI298 (134.0–1575.5)290.0 (120.0–758.0)398.0 (158.0–2198.0)0.346
 Successful revascularization228 (89.4)111 (84.7)117 (94.4)0.022
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
 E-CPR173 (67.8)85 (64.9)88 (71.0)0.365
 Arrest to ECMO pump-on time, min (E-CPR only)35.5 (20.0–57.0)40.0 (21.5–61.0)34.0 (18.0–46.0)0.147
 Shock to ECMO pump-on time, min (non-E-CPR only)108.5 (28.0–447.5)116.5 (30.0–560.5)105.0 (18.0–280.0)0.325
 Insertion of ECMO before revascularization160 (62.7)80 (61.1)80 (64.5)0.660
 Distal perfusion74 (29.0)18 (13.7)56 (45.2)< 0.001
 Cannula size, arterial, Fr16.0 (15.0–17.0)17.0 (16.0–17.0)15.0 (15.0–16.5)< 0.001
 Cannula size, venous, Fr22.0 (21.0–22.0)21.0 (21.0–22.0)22.0 (21.0–22.0)< 0.001
Supplementary treatment after ECMO insertion
 Inotropes or vasopressors243 (95.3)129 (98.5)114 (91.9)0.030
 Intra-aortic balloon pump63 (24.7)55 (42.0)8 (6.5)< 0.001
 Mechanical ventilation226 (88.6)124 (94.7)102 (82.3)0.004
 Continuous renal replacement therapy99 (38.8)49 (37.4)50 (40.3)0.727
  1. Data are presented as n (%), median (interquartile range)
  2. ECMO extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, E-CPR extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation, NSTEMI non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, STEMI ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction