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Table 2 Strategies proposed by experts to allow a reduction of catheter-related infection

From: Expert consensus-based clinical practice guidelines management of intravascular catheters in the intensive care unit

For the catheter insertion During catheter care
Hand hygiene Hand hygiene
Maximum hygiene and asepsis measures (cap, mask, sterile gown, sterile gloves, large sterile fields) Regular inspection of dressings
Change semipermeable transparent dressings every 7 days (except in the case of detachment, soiling or bleeding)
2% Chlorhexidine-alcohol for skin antisepsis Change of tubing after 96 h (or after 24 h in the case of lipids or blood products).
Disinfect valves before accessing or manipulating open systems on a sterile compress or an alcohol compress
Remove the catheter as soon as it is no longer necessary