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Table 4 Multivariate analysis of the risk factors for respiratory virus-associated infection in 123 HIV-infected patients admitted to the ICU for acute respiratory failure

From: Respiratory virus-associated infections in HIV-infected adults admitted to the intensive care unit for acute respiratory failure: a 6-year bicenter retrospective study (HIV-VIR study)

Variables Univariate analysis Multivariate analysis
  Odds ratio 95% confidence interval p value Odds ratio 95% confidence interval p value
Female gender 2.45 [1.07–5.59] 0.03 2.8 [1.1–7.1] 0.03
Smoking 2.1 [0.9–4.8] 0.07 3.6 [1.4–9] 0.007
Steroid therapy 8.9 [0.9–88.8] 0.06 18.3 [1.4–236] 0.03
Maximal temperaturea 1.4 [1.01–2] 0.04    
Maximal respiratory ratea 1.06 [1–1.12] 0.04    
Leucocyte counta 0.9 [0.81–0.97] < 0.01 0.9 [0.7–0.9] 0.004
Neutrophil counta 0.9 [0.79––0.98] 0.02    
Lymphocyte counta 0.59 [0.33––1.06] 0.08    
  1. aRefers to values on the ICU admission