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Table 2 Prevalence of asynchrony in enrolled patients and among different classifications of brain injury

From: Patient–ventilator asynchrony in acute brain-injured patients: a prospective observational study

Type of asynchrony All patients (n = 100) Types of brain injury P*
Stroke (n = 44) Post-craniotomy (n = 37) Traumatic brain injury (n = 19)
All types 96 (96%, 92%–100%) 43 (98%, 93%–100%) 35 (95%, 87%–100%) 18 (95%, 84%-100%) 0.670
Ineffective triggering 95 (95%, 91%–99%) 42 (96%, 89%–100%) 35 (95%, 87%–100%) 18 (95%, 84%–100%) >0.999
Double-triggering 79 (79%, 71%–87%) 33 (75%, 62%–88%) 30 (81%, 68%–94%) 16 (84%, 66%–100%) 0.690
Auto-triggering 6 (6%, 1%–11%) 3 (7%, 0%–15%) 2 (5%, 0%–13%) 1 (5%, 0%–16%) >0.999
Flow insufficiency 12 (12%, 6%–19%) 7 (16%, 5%–27%) 1 (3%, 0%–8%) 4 (12%, 1%–41%) 0.085
Premature cycling 42 (42%, 32%–52%) 15 (34%, 20%-49%) 16 (43%, 27%-60%) 11 (58%, 33%-82%) 0.221
Delayed cycling 31 (31%, 22%–40%) 13 (30%, 16%–44%) 13 (35%, 19%–51%) 5 (26%, 5%–48%) 0.782
Reverse triggering 5 (5%, 1%–9%) 3 (7%, 0%–15%) 0 (0) 2 (11%, 0%–26%) 0.221
  1. Data are shown as n (%, 95% confidence interval)
  2. *Comparison among different classifications of brain injury