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Table 1 Aetiology of ARDS of the 39 children

From: Whole pulmonary assessment 1 year after paediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome: prospective multicentre study

Pulmonary ARDS (p-ARDS) n = 31 (79.5%)
 Diffuse pulmonary infection: bacterial (n = 7), viral (n = 8) or both (n = 1)
 Aspiration (n = 2)
 Toxic fume inhalation (n = 3)
 Near drowning (n = 1)
 Pneumocystic pneumonia or opportunistic infection (n = 4)
 Acute chest syndrome of sickle cell disease (n = 1)
 Foreign body inhalation (n = 1)
 Alveolar haemorrhage (n = 2)
 Ethylenglycol inhalation (n = 1)
Extra-pulmonary ARDS (ep-ARDS) n = 8 (20.5%)
 Burns (n = 2)
 Septic shock (n = 5)
 Acute necrotizing pancreatitis and leukaemia (n = 1)